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Tailwind CSS Skeleton - Flowbite

The skeleton component can be used as an alternative loading indicator to the spinner by mimicking the content that will be loaded such as text, images, or video

Use the skeleton component to indicate a loading status with placeholder elements that look very similar to the type of content that is being loaded such as paragraphs, heading, images, videos, and more.

You can set the width and height of these skeleton components based on the size of the content and element that it is being loaded in, such as a card or an article page.

You can also animate the skeleton component by using the .animate-pulse utility class from Tailwind CSS.

Default skeleton #

Use this example to show a placeholder when loading text content.

Loading...
  • HTML
<div role="status" class="max-w-sm animate-pulse">
    <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-200 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700 w-48 mb-4"></div>
    <div class="h-2 bg-gray-200 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700 max-w-[360px] mb-2.5"></div>
    <div class="h-2 bg-gray-200 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700 mb-2.5"></div>
    <div class="h-2 bg-gray-200 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700 max-w-[330px] mb-2.5"></div>
    <div class="h-2 bg-gray-200 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700 max-w-[300px] mb-2.5"></div>
    <div class="h-2 bg-gray-200 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700 max-w-[360px]"></div>
    <span class="sr-only">Loading...</span>
</div>

Image placeholder #

This example can be used to show a placeholder when loading an image and text content.

Loading...
  • HTML
<div role="status" class="space-y-8 animate-pulse md:space-y-0 md:space-x-8 md:flex md:items-center">
    <div class="flex justify-center items-center w-full h-48 bg-gray-300 rounded sm:w-96 dark:bg-gray-700">
        <svg class="w-12 h-12 text-gray-200" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" aria-hidden="true" fill="currentColor" viewBox="0 0 640 512"><path d="M480 80C480 35.82 515.8 0 560 0C604.2 0 640 35.82 640 80C640 124.2 604.2 160 560 160C515.8 160 480 124.2 480 80zM0 456.1C0 445.6 2.964 435.3 8.551 426.4L225.3 81.01C231.9 70.42 243.5 64 256 64C268.5 64 280.1 70.42 286.8 81.01L412.7 281.7L460.9 202.7C464.1 196.1 472.2 192 480 192C487.8 192 495 196.1 499.1 202.7L631.1 419.1C636.9 428.6 640 439.7 640 450.9C640 484.6 612.6 512 578.9 512H55.91C25.03 512 .0006 486.1 .0006 456.1L0 456.1z"/></svg>
    </div>
    <div class="w-full">
        <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-200 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700 w-48 mb-4"></div>
        <div class="h-2 bg-gray-200 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700 max-w-[480px] mb-2.5"></div>
        <div class="h-2 bg-gray-200 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700 mb-2.5"></div>
        <div class="h-2 bg-gray-200 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700 max-w-[440px] mb-2.5"></div>
        <div class="h-2 bg-gray-200 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700 max-w-[460px] mb-2.5"></div>
        <div class="h-2 bg-gray-200 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700 max-w-[360px]"></div>
    </div>
    <span class="sr-only">Loading...</span>
</div>

Video placeholder #

Use this example to show a skeleton placeholder when loading video content.

Loading...
  • HTML
<div role="status" class="flex justify-center items-center max-w-sm h-56 bg-gray-300 rounded-lg animate-pulse dark:bg-gray-700">
    <svg class="w-12 h-12 text-gray-200 dark:text-gray-600" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" aria-hidden="true" fill="currentColor" viewBox="0 0 384 512"><path d="M361 215C375.3 223.8 384 239.3 384 256C384 272.7 375.3 288.2 361 296.1L73.03 472.1C58.21 482 39.66 482.4 24.52 473.9C9.377 465.4 0 449.4 0 432V80C0 62.64 9.377 46.63 24.52 38.13C39.66 29.64 58.21 29.99 73.03 39.04L361 215z"/></svg>
    <span class="sr-only">Loading...</span>
</div>

Text placeholder #

Use this example to show a placeholder when loading longer pagraphs and headings.

Loading...
  • HTML
<div role="status" class="space-y-2.5 animate-pulse max-w-lg">
    <div class="flex items-center space-x-2 w-full">
        <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-200 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700 w-32"></div>
        <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-300 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-600 w-24"></div>
        <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-300 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-600 w-full"></div>
    </div>
    <div class="flex items-center w-full space-x-2 max-w-[480px]">
        <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-200 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700 w-full"></div>
                <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-300 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-600 w-full"></div>
        <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-300 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-600 w-24"></div>
    </div>
    <div class="flex items-center w-full space-x-2 max-w-[400px]">
        <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-300 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-600 w-full"></div>
        <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-200 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700 w-80"></div>
        <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-300 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-600 w-full"></div>
    </div>
    <div class="flex items-center w-full space-x-2 max-w-[480px]">
        <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-200 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700 w-full"></div>
                <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-300 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-600 w-full"></div>
        <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-300 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-600 w-24"></div>
    </div>
    <div class="flex items-center w-full space-x-2 max-w-[440px]">
        <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-300 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-600 w-32"></div>
        <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-300 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-600 w-24"></div>
        <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-200 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700 w-full"></div>
    </div>
    <div class="flex items-center w-full space-x-2 max-w-[360px]">
        <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-300 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-600 w-full"></div>
        <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-200 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700 w-80"></div>
        <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-300 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-600 w-full"></div>
    </div>
    <span class="sr-only">Loading...</span>
</div>

Card placeholder #

Use this example to show a placeholder when loading content inside a card.

Loading...
  • HTML
<div role="status" class="p-4 max-w-sm rounded border border-gray-200 shadow animate-pulse md:p-6 dark:border-gray-700">
    <div class="flex justify-center items-center mb-4 h-48 bg-gray-300 rounded dark:bg-gray-700">
        <svg class="w-12 h-12 text-gray-200 dark:text-gray-600" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" aria-hidden="true" fill="currentColor" viewBox="0 0 640 512"><path d="M480 80C480 35.82 515.8 0 560 0C604.2 0 640 35.82 640 80C640 124.2 604.2 160 560 160C515.8 160 480 124.2 480 80zM0 456.1C0 445.6 2.964 435.3 8.551 426.4L225.3 81.01C231.9 70.42 243.5 64 256 64C268.5 64 280.1 70.42 286.8 81.01L412.7 281.7L460.9 202.7C464.1 196.1 472.2 192 480 192C487.8 192 495 196.1 499.1 202.7L631.1 419.1C636.9 428.6 640 439.7 640 450.9C640 484.6 612.6 512 578.9 512H55.91C25.03 512 .0006 486.1 .0006 456.1L0 456.1z"/></svg>
    </div>
    <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-200 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700 w-48 mb-4"></div>
    <div class="h-2 bg-gray-200 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700 mb-2.5"></div>
    <div class="h-2 bg-gray-200 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700 mb-2.5"></div>
    <div class="h-2 bg-gray-200 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700"></div>
    <div class="flex items-center mt-4 space-x-3">
        <svg class="w-14 h-14 text-gray-200 dark:text-gray-700" aria-hidden="true" fill="currentColor" viewBox="0 0 20 20" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg"><path fill-rule="evenodd" d="M18 10a8 8 0 11-16 0 8 8 0 0116 0zm-6-3a2 2 0 11-4 0 2 2 0 014 0zm-2 4a5 5 0 00-4.546 2.916A5.986 5.986 0 0010 16a5.986 5.986 0 004.546-2.084A5 5 0 0010 11z" clip-rule="evenodd"></path></svg>
        <div>
            <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-200 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700 w-32 mb-2"></div>
            <div class="w-48 h-2 bg-gray-200 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700"></div>
        </div>
    </div>
    <span class="sr-only">Loading...</span>
</div>

Widget placeholder #

This example can be used to show a placeholder of skeleton when fetching data for widgets and cards inside an application.

Loading...
  • HTML
<div role="status" class="p-4 max-w-sm rounded border border-gray-200 shadow animate-pulse md:p-6 dark:border-gray-700">
    <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-200 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700 w-32 mb-2.5"></div>
    <div class="mb-10 w-48 h-2 bg-gray-200 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700"></div>
    <div class="flex items-baseline mt-4 space-x-6">
        <div class="w-full h-72 bg-gray-200 rounded-t-lg dark:bg-gray-700"></div>
        <div class="w-full h-56 bg-gray-200 rounded-t-lg dark:bg-gray-700"></div>
        <div class="w-full h-72 bg-gray-200 rounded-t-lg dark:bg-gray-700"></div>
        <div class="w-full h-64 bg-gray-200 rounded-t-lg dark:bg-gray-700"></div>
        <div class="w-full h-80 bg-gray-200 rounded-t-lg dark:bg-gray-700"></div>
        <div class="w-full h-72 bg-gray-200 rounded-t-lg dark:bg-gray-700"></div>
        <div class="w-full h-80 bg-gray-200 rounded-t-lg dark:bg-gray-700"></div>
    </div>
    <span class="sr-only">Loading...</span>
</div>

List placeholder #

Use this example to show a placeholder when loading a list of items.

Loading...
  • HTML
<div role="status" class="p-4 space-y-4 max-w-md rounded border border-gray-200 divide-y divide-gray-200 shadow animate-pulse dark:divide-gray-700 md:p-6 dark:border-gray-700">
    <div class="flex justify-between items-center">
        <div>
            <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-300 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-600 w-24 mb-2.5"></div>
            <div class="w-32 h-2 bg-gray-200 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700"></div>
        </div>
        <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-300 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700 w-12"></div>
    </div>
    <div class="flex justify-between items-center pt-4">
        <div>
            <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-300 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-600 w-24 mb-2.5"></div>
            <div class="w-32 h-2 bg-gray-200 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700"></div>
        </div>
        <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-300 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700 w-12"></div>
    </div>
    <div class="flex justify-between items-center pt-4">
        <div>
            <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-300 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-600 w-24 mb-2.5"></div>
            <div class="w-32 h-2 bg-gray-200 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700"></div>
        </div>
        <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-300 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700 w-12"></div>
    </div>
    <div class="flex justify-between items-center pt-4">
        <div>
            <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-300 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-600 w-24 mb-2.5"></div>
            <div class="w-32 h-2 bg-gray-200 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700"></div>
        </div>
        <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-300 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700 w-12"></div>
    </div>
    <div class="flex justify-between items-center pt-4">
        <div>
            <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-300 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-600 w-24 mb-2.5"></div>
            <div class="w-32 h-2 bg-gray-200 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700"></div>
        </div>
        <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-300 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700 w-12"></div>
    </div>
    <span class="sr-only">Loading...</span>
</div>

Testimonial placeholder #

This example can be used to show a skeleton placeholder when loading data for a testimonial section.

Loading...
  • HTML
<div role="status" class="animate-pulse">
    <div class="h-2.5 bg-gray-300 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700 max-w-[640px] mb-2.5 mx-auto"></div>
    <div class="h-2.5 mx-auto bg-gray-300 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700 max-w-[540px]"></div>
    <div class="flex justify-center items-center mt-4">
        <svg class="mr-2 w-10 h-10 text-gray-200 dark:text-gray-700" aria-hidden="true" fill="currentColor" viewBox="0 0 20 20" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg"><path fill-rule="evenodd" d="M18 10a8 8 0 11-16 0 8 8 0 0116 0zm-6-3a2 2 0 11-4 0 2 2 0 014 0zm-2 4a5 5 0 00-4.546 2.916A5.986 5.986 0 0010 16a5.986 5.986 0 004.546-2.084A5 5 0 0010 11z" clip-rule="evenodd"></path></svg>
        <div class="w-20 h-2.5 bg-gray-200 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700 mr-3"></div>
        <div class="w-24 h-2 bg-gray-200 rounded-full dark:bg-gray-700"></div>
    </div>
    <span class="sr-only">Loading...</span>
</div>

Accessibility #

Use the role="status" attribute on the <div> wrapper element to notify Assistive Technologies when content is about to be updated and show the “Loading…” text inside a <span> tag with the .sr-only class to make it visible only to screen readers.